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EngrUzair last won the day on December 26 2016

EngrUzair had the most liked content!


About EngrUzair

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    MSU USA & UET Taxila
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    Structural loading, RC design, Steel design, Fire damaged structures, Structural evaluation & rehabilitation

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  1. it would depend upon the material of construction being used. In general, load combinations involving seismic (earthquake) effects will be critical for RC structures. Whereas, for steel structures, those involving wind effects will be more critical. In practice however we check the structures for structural safety against the load combinations (specified by applicable material design / loading codes) involving all type of loads that are expected to be resisted by the structure during its entire design life. Regards.
  2. Agreed, in general. However, there are situations where provision of an RC beam and even RC wall becomes necessary. My previous reply was with reference to the general case of two wall footings of same slab size (both in plan and in thickness), but one of them with an RC beam of height more than the thickness of footing slab. In practice however the type of footing used will vary with the site situation. For example, in case of an ordinary two storey masonry wall building without basement, simple strip footing (of a uniform thickness) should be ok in most of the strong soils with uniform strata. On the other hand, strip (or even a raft) footing with beam(s) may however be required to avoid differential settlement for sites with scattered loose subsoil pockets. However, for the specific cases of buildings with a basement, either in weak soils or at locations where the subsoil water level is high, provision of even an external RC wall (for the purpose of retaining earth, or prevention of moisture inside the building etc.) becomes desirable. The problem highlighted in the Original Post also falls in this latter category. Regards.
  3. A wall footing with an RC beam (of height greater than the thickness of footing slab) will have a greater stiffness than the one without beam. As such, it will have more capacity to resist longitudinal bending of wall / footing caused by any concentrated loads, as well as in spanning over some loose pockets existing within the soil beneath. Regards.
  4. Very vital information, and in urdu as well for understanding of all. Must be shared with as many construction related people as we can. Thanks @Junaid! for sharing such an important document. Well done!
  5. Very important message! I myself have received questions in my inbox more than once, from some of the forum members asking for help on various technical matters. However, I have always advised them to put the questions on the forum, as it has multiple advantages, both for the originator as well as for rest of the forum members. By posting the question on the forum (instead of sending to an inbox), the problem is visible to all the members, and it is likely to get not only a quicker response but more & better responses as well. In addition, the question and responses are helpful for rest of the forum members in general, and those members particularly who do have same problems but somehow (due to shyness etc) couldn't ask the same questions on the forum themselves. In view of the above discussion, I strongly second the opinion of UmarMakhzumi, for posting of problems to the forum itself, instead of sending them to inboxes of moderators or other forum members. Regards.
  6. What are the various spans, slab thicknesses, and beam & column sizes used in the model?
  7. You haven't provided any details regarding your structure, e.g., geometry, spans, no. of stories, building usage, seismic zone, etabs version being used, etc. etc. As such, it is difficult to give more suggestions. If you could attach your model file here, people here might help you in a better way.
  8. Wa alaikum assalam, 1. Lateral force resisting system (LFRS) is selected primarily based on the seismic zoning (or seismic category) of the area in which a building or structure is to constructed. LFRS selection partially depends upon the preferred material of construction (e.g., Reinforced Concrete, Structural steel, etc) as well. 2. if you don't have load bearing walls in your structure to transfer superstructure ( floor and roof ) loads to the foundation, it is NOT a 'load bearing wall system'. 3. A 'moment resisting system' is the one in which beams and columns are used to transfer the superstructure loads to the foundation. The walls provided in this type of structure are commonly termed as 'infill walls' or non-load bearing walls. HTH Regards.
  9. In case you have subdivided the beam (that is supporting the lowest picked-up column) correctly for creating the support point of picked-up column, it is unlikely that you don't get the beam design or reinforcement. It appears that you might have missed something or made some mistake in your model. See the attached image (taken from an ETABS 9 model, I have created to cross-check the results) and note the reinforcement of the left side beam (supporting the picked-up columns), as well as for the supported columns at all levels.
  10. There may be several reasons for this. For example, - provided columns are of a larger size, or - there are a number of shear walls, or - you might have erroneously assigned support property to the column joints at all storey levels, instead of those at base level, etc. You should recheck your model carefully to determine, what might be the real reason for the results obtained. Assigning of diaphram is necessary for proper accounting of stiffness of the structure, to resist lateral forces (earthquake etc). Meshing is essential for the transfer of slab load to the edge beams more uniformly. HTH
  11. Very good coverage of the event, Waqar! Well done.
  12. Umar Bhai! In my opinion, this gathering must take place, even if it turns out to be a meeting of a few members only. Because It will help introduce the forum members to each other as well as to the moderators available at the gathering. For making the arrangement and knowing the anticipated number of participants, you may announce the date, time & venue of the gathering and ask the forum members to confirm their availability for the occasion, at least 24 hours before the gathering time. I am sure, response would be much better this time, compared to the previous one. Moreover, a WhatsApp group may also be created, in order to develop direct communication between the Forum members. Regards.
  13. Umar Bhai! Aoa. What is the update on proposed gathering? December is already here. Regards.
  14. Two most commonly used standards for the design, construction, maintenance and inspection of water storage tanks, used for fire protection, are National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standard 22 and and Factory Mutual (FM) standard 4020. While both NFPA 22 and FM 4020 provide nearly similar provisions for the design of water storage tanks used for fire protection purposes, requirements of FM 4020 are of a higher level (more stringent). By 'Seismic zone FM50', your sub-contractor would most probably be referring to the FM seismic zone with a 50-year mean recurring interval for the damaging ground motion. For more details, you may refer to the following link: http://www.pittsburgtank.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/FPCmag-FMvs.NFPA_.pdf Regards.
  15. AFAIK, provision of additional reinforcement in the slab portion below the wall, will at least reduce the long term deflection to certain extent. Regards.