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EngrJunaid

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EngrJunaid last won the day on June 22

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About EngrJunaid

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    Lieutenant

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  • Gender
    Male
  • Location
    Peshawar
  • University
    UET Lahore
  • Employer
    Peshawar HealthCare Pvt ltd
  • Interests
    Design of Structures

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  1. AoA all, Is it mandatory to do column concreting upto the soffit of the beam in a single pour ? What code says about the construction/cold joint location in column ? Majority of the contractors are pouring the column concrete upto the soffit of the beam (full height of the column), some contractors leave the column height about 9" to 12" below the beam level and then fill this 9" to 12" column height with the beams & slab concreting. On one site column concreting was stopped at the mid height and the remaining half was filled on the next day. Thanks
  2. Expert opinion on M.Sc. research Topic selection

    @Ayesha As we are using half scaled Model in our experiment so the objective of this similitude study is to determine a set of principles,correlation and conditions upon which our scaled model can be related to the prototype for predicting prototype performance.
  3. Expert opinion on M.Sc. research Topic selection

    In order to study the effect/performance of infill walls we are providing infill walls in our half scaled 2-story RC Frame model which we will be testing on 6DOF Shake Table here in Earthquake Engineering Center, UET Peshawar...
  4. AoA , I am going to start my M.Sc. research on "Similitude study of scaled 3D RC Frame for seismic testing on 6DOF Shake Table". Need your expert opinion on this topic. It will be of great help if anyone on this forum have work on Similitude Study and share their experience,relevant research papers etc Thanks
  5. (1). Structure Aspect Ratios The Horizontal/plan aspect ratio (Length to Width ratio) of the side block is 160/18=8.8 While its vertical/slenderness ratio (height to width ratio) is 60/18=3.33 I didn't come across any code limitations regarding these ratios But an indian research paper "Effect of Aspect Ratio & Plan Configurations on Seismic Performance of Multistoreyed Regular R.C.C. Buildings: An Evaluation by Static Analysis" concludes that, (a) The buildings with Horizontal Aspect Ratios 4 or less than 4, the seismic performance is reasonable. Above this, the worse effects of excessive forces, storey drift and displacement values may be obtained. Hence they should be discarded due to their unsatisfactory, weaker and unreasonable performances on the bases of above seismic parameters, which can cause detrimental and disastrous effects or otherwise be treated with the enough earthquake resistant elements. (b) The buildings with Vertical Aspect Ratios less than 4, the seismic performance is reasonable. Above this, the worse effects of excessive overturning, storey drift and displacement, period of vibration, etc. values may cause detrimental and disastrous effects to the buildings. Hence slender building configuration, as far as possible, should not be chosen, or otherwise be provided with the adequate earthquake resistant solutions. (2). Flexible Tower on Rigid podium UBC-97 Section 1629.8.3 item 4 says "Structures having a flexible upper portion supported on a rigid lower portion where both portions of the structure considered separately can be classified as being regular, the average story stiffness of the lower portion is at least 10 times the average story stiffness of the upper portion and the period of the entire structure is not greater than 1.1 times the period of the upper portion considered as a separate structure fixed at the base." And UBC-97 Section 1630.4.2 Item 2 says 2. The following two-stage static analysis procedures may be used for structures conforming to Section 1629.8.3, Item 4. 2.1 The flexible upper portion shall be designed as a separate structure, supported laterally by the rigid lower portion, using the appropriate values of R and ρ. 2.2 The rigid lower portion shall be designed as a separate structure using the appropriate values of R and rho. The reactions from the upper portion shall be those determined from the analysis of the upper portion amplified by the ratio of the (R/ρ ) of the upper portion over (R/ρ ) of the lower portion.
  6. Applying triangular load on plates/shells in ETABS or SAP200

    W.Salam, There is no option for the Triangular loading in ETABS. But in SAP2000 you can use the JOINT PATTERN option for the application of Triangular Loading...
  7. RCC Design Without Modifiers

    See the Attached self explanatory picture.
  8. RCC Design Without Modifiers

    @Ayesha Let me demonstrate that statement with a simple 2D frame in ETABS....
  9. Need Guidance !!!

    Taimoor, I would recommend you to start learning Autodest Robot Structure Analysis Professional and Revit Instead of 3Ds Max.....
  10. RCC Design Without Modifiers

    The RC members in a physical structure crack well below the ultimate load.Therefore using full MOI of the member in idealized model is not justified. Though the use of full MOI will not affect the total value of bending (positive plus negative), the distribution b/w the members may change considerably. It is not the absolute MOI that matter,rather it is the relative stiffness of members that must be considered. In short, these modifiers (reductions in MOI) are used for the calculation of deflections i.e Serviceability checks...
  11. Time Period

    In order to find the TIME PERIOD,seismic weight and Base shear used by ETABS in analysis, go to DISPLAY--->Show tables and display "Auto Siesmic Loads" in the Load Definitions under Model definition.... See the attached screen shots...
  12. Dear Engineer, KPK Seismic Field Practicing Manual is attached. Field Practice Manual on basics of good construction practices.pdf Thanks.
  13. Modeling of wall elements for stiffness consideration

    W.salaam Waqas, We have various Seismic-force resisting systems defined in different codes/standards with different nomenclature. You can study these Systems in detail in these tables; BCP SP-2007, Table 5.13-Structure Systems ASCE 41-13, Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing Buildings,Table 3-1,Common Building Types ASCE/SEI 7-10, Minimum Design Loads for buildings & other structures,Table 12.2-1 Design Coefficients and Factors for Seismic Force-Resisting Systems Modelling Structure either as BARE FRAME or FRAME with MASONRY INFILL in ETABS/SAP/STAAD PRO/ROBOT Structures/Seismostruct is the designer design approach that how he want to resist the gravity/lateral Loads. By Modelling wall in model it becomes a DUAL System (Concrete Frame with masonry shear walls) BUT the idealization of masonry walls is not as simple as other elements like Beams/columns/slabs/RC Shear walls etc. It requires more experties/understanding (Study Section 11.4-Masonry infills of ASCE 41-13,Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing Buildings for detail). Proper anchorage should be provided b/w masonry and RC frame. We mostly/commonly design our Concrete structures as BARE FRAME (Moment resisting frame without Infill walls) and assign wall load on the beams. By doing this we are neglecting the masonry walls stiffnesses which results more ductile frame (Ductility is more desirable in structures).Proper steel reinf. detailing is required and gap filled with thermopore or any other insulating material is provided b/w the RC frame and masonry wall (inorder to prevent the hammering action of masonry on RC Frame during EQ). Most of the 2,3 story houses are constructed as CONFINED MASONRY STRUCTURES and these structures perform very well in EQs.
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